Hapkido Rank Requirements to 1st Guep

May 21, 2010

I have posted this rank requirements outline from the Korean Hapkido Federation so that people can get a better understanding of what they should be learning at each rank on the way to black belt. These are the minimum requirements that are taught at Hapkido schools in Korea. I hope that you find the outline useful. This outline is used by more than 70 styles of Hapkido in Korea. So even if the individual techniques are different the order of teaching is the same that way people can continue to progress in rank even if they change styles in Korea. If you are looking for a great Hapkido school that teaches the Korean standards visit www.haemukwan.com .

To your success,

Richard Hackworth 



Kyung-Nae: (Etiquette): formal class opening and closing

Dojang Kyu-Chik: Learn Hapkido School Rules & Etiquette

SulYunsaeng Kyu-Chik: Learn Hapkido Student Creed & Student Oath

Soo-Chik: Students of the Korean martial arts adhere to the 4 fundamental guidelines of Mudo Philosophy:

1. To be Loyal to one’s parents and family

2. To be Brave during battle

3. To be living Honestly and cleanly both mentally and physically

4. To be Trustworthy and helpful toward others

Won-Ri 1: Principles of Non-Resistance: When pushed, Pull. When pulled, Push. This is the fundamental application of the principle of non-resistance.

Won-Ri 2: Principle of Off balancing: Breaking balance.

Epson Dan-jun Ho-hup: (Breathing) Ki exercises 4 standing

Chason Dan-jun Ho-hup: 4 seated

JaSe: Stances

1. Cha-yun Che: Natural

2. Cha-yun Che: Natural at 45

3. Ki-ma Jasae: Horse

4. Ki-ma Jasae: Horse at 45

5. Ki-ma Jasae: Horse from the side

6. Dweet-Ku-bi Jasae: Back

7. Bumsoegi Jasae: Cat

8. Ahp-Ku-bi Jasae: Front

9. KongGyok Jasae: Fighting Stance

10. SooBi Jasae: Blocking Stance

SonMokSool: Wrist grab defenses:

Wrist Grabs: Escapes 1-5 (Baygi)

Escapes and Strikes 1-5 (Chigi)

Sleeve Grab: 1-5 Breaks (Goki)

KiBon Jasae: Basic Tumbling and Rolling From kneeling & squating position

AhpGurugi: Forward Roll, DweetGurugi: Backward Roll, OkgaeGurugi: shoulder Roll

Nahk-bop: Falls: from kneeling & squating position

Chunbang Nahk-bop: Front Fall, ChaChukbang Nahk-bop: Left Side Fall, WooChukbang Nahk-bop: Right Side Fall, and HooBang Nahk-bop: Back Fall

TonJiGi: 5 Basic Throws from wrist grab

Shoulder Throw, Hip Throw, Major Reap, Leg Sweep, Shoulder Wheel

1. Shoulder- hook under shoulder

2. Hip- grab belt

3. Reap- their leg back

4. Leg Sweep- their leg forward

5. Shoulder Wheel- hook under other shoulder

DanShik Palchagi: Fundamental single kicks:

Ahp-chagi: Front, Yup-chagi: side, DweYup-chagi: back, DweKumchi Cha-Uligi: leg raise, Andari-chagi: inside, Pakahtdari-chagi: outside

Low Kicks (Knee to Foot) 1-5

Andaricha-noki: Scoop Kick to shin

Dwekumchi hataebu-doluchagi: Sweep Heel Kick (Inside of the Knee)

Chokdohadan-douchagi: Round Kick (to Outside of the Knee)

NopJukdari-chagi: Hook Kick (to the Outside of the Knee)

HadanYup-chagi: Side Kick (Front of the Knee)

Hadanchago-naryu-jiki: Side Kick and Stomp (Front of the Knee Top of the Foot)

PalBang Maki: Hand & Arm Blocks against punching

1. Rising, High

2. Down, Low

3. Inside, palm facing you

4. Outside, palm facing away

5. Parry, 45 degree angle down

6. Parry, 45 degree angle up

7. Cross Palm

8. Downward Palm

JiRuGi: Strikes against punches:

1. Inside

2. Outside

Note: Your body dictates whether it is an inside, or outside technique, not your hands. Both are knife hand strikes to the radial nerve point on top of the forearm.

Grab and joint lock or break against punches 1-2

Grab and throw against punches 1-2 Head hook throw, Arm lock throw

JinTeSool: Advancing and retreating footwork



WiBok-sool: (Clothing Grab defense)

Sleeve Grab at the Wrist Top 1-5

Sleeve Grab at the Wrist Bottom 1-5

Sleeve Grab at the elbow Top 1-5

Sleeve Grab at the elbow Bottom 1-5

Sleeve Grab Under the Shoulder 1-5

Sleeve Grab at the Shoulder 1-5

Lapel Grab One Hand and Two Hand Grab 1-5

Lapel Grab Fist Up, Thumb Up, Thumb Down

Escape from the Mounted Position 1-5

Middle Kicks (Waist to Knee)

Inverted Round Kick

Round Kick (to the Thigh)

Up Kick (to the Groin)

Pushing Kick (to the Groin)

Heel Kick (to the Groin)

Single Kicks: Ax, hammer, outside cresent, inside cresent, push

Basic Tumbling and Rolling from standing position, return to stance

Forward Roll, Backward Roll, shoulder Roll

Falls (Naup-Po): from standing position

Front Fall, Left Side Fall, Right Side Fall, and Back Fall


DanJunKiBup: Ki breathing lying on back



Chest Grab with 1 hand 1-5

Chest Grab with 2 hands 1-5

Side Body Grab1-5

Arm Twist 1-5

Defense against choke from front 1-5

Defense against choke from rear 1-5

SuBakSool: Closed Hand Striking


Hammer Fist

Hapkido Back Fist

MuRyup-Chagi: Knee Kicks: front, side, round

Hold Downs 1-7

1 Handed Cartwheel

Kicking footwork for stepping, sliding, turning, hoping, step over, step behind



Belt Grab with Palm Down 1-5

Belt Grab with Palm Up 1-5

Push from Front, Rear, and Side

Chest Push with 1 hand same side attack

Chest Push with 1 hand cross body attack

Chest Push with 2 hands front, side, rear attack

Bear hug: from the Front with Arms Pinned 1-5

Bear hug from the Front with Arms Free 1-5

Open Hand Striking: Palm Heel, Ridge Hand

Defense Against Kicks (Bang Jok Sul):

Front Kick

Side Kick

Kick- Up

Defense against throws 1-5

Yi-bun-bop Kyun-hyung WonRi: Bisecting Principle: The imaginary line running left to right across the tip of the sternum. Striking above this point causes the body of your opponent to lean away from you. Striking below this point causes the opponent to lean toward you.

Sonsul WonRi: Neural Stun Principle: Used as a preparatory technique to create a distraction.



Sa-bun-bop Kyun-hyun WonRi: Quadrant Principle: Divides the body into quarters from above view. Manipulating the quadrants will redirect your opponent to the exact position needed for your follow up technique.

Redirecting your opponent using the quadrant principle:

5 primary hair handles for control. 4 quadrants, top of head.

5 secondary handles for control: Left ear, right ear, chin, nose, brow line.

Hair Grab 1-5

Headlock Defenses: Front, side, rear

Single hand Collar Grab Behind the Neck from front 1-5

Single hand Collar Grab Behind the Neck from rear 1-5

Rear Shoulder Grab 1 hand Top 1-5

Rear Shoulder Grab 1 hand Bottom (arm pit) 1-5

Front shoulder Grab 1 hand Top 1-5

Front Shoulder Grab 1 hand Bottom (arm pit) 1-5

High Kicks (Head to Waist)

Round Kick

Side Kick

Front Kick

Hook Kick

Back Kick

Front Handspring

Grab and joint lock or break against punches 1-2

Grab and throw against punches 1-2

Body Movements: Footwork: side-to-side, pivoting, back spin, back step



Rear Sleeve Grab 1-5

Rear Wrist Grab 1-5

Bear Hug: from the Rear with Arms Pinned 1-5

Bear Hug: from the Rear with Arms Free 1-5

Rear Shoulder Grab 2 hand Top 1-5

Rear Shoulder Grab 2 hand Bottom (arm pit) 1-5

Front shoulder Grab 2 hand Top 1-5

Front Shoulder Grab 2 hand Bottom (arm pit) 1-5

Open Hand Striking: Knife Hand, Spear hand, Claw, Arc of the Hand

Defense Against a Hand Grab 1-5

Jump Dive Roll

JoWulBup: Basic Tumbling and Rolling with jump

Forward Roll, Backward Roll, shoulder Roll

Falls (Naup-Po): with jump

Front Fall, Left Side Fall, Right Side Fall, and Back Fall



Full Nelson Defense 1-5

Reverse Full Nelson Defense 1-5

Elbow Strikes 1-5

Low Spin Kicks

Low Round Kick

Low Spin Heel Kick

Leg Sweeps 1-5

Basic Chokes 1-5

Defense against head lock from front 1-5

Defense against head lock from side 1-5

Defense Against Kicks (Bang Jok Sul):

Roundhouse Kick

Hook Kick

Bokshik Pal-Chagi: Combination Kicking

Aerial Cartwheel



Open Hand Striking: Spear Finger, One Knuckle Punch, Middle Knuckle Punch

11 Primary Eye Strikes (historically used to penetrate helmet eye shield): Punch, Elbow, Finger Fan, Spear finger, Spear hand, Scissor hand, Deer hoof, Thumb spike, Thumb knuckle, Tiger Claw, Cranes beak, Snake mouth.

5 Directions of Eye manipulation with open hand strikes: In, Left, Right, Up, Down.

Open Hand Blocking: High open hand block, High X Block, Wrapping hand inside block, Wrapping hand outside block, Low X block, Low wrapping block, Inside Arm Wrapping block, Outside Arm wrapping block.

Short Stick Training: 10 Angles of attack, 7 fundamental strikes, 7 fundamental blocks, blocking & striking 2 man drill short stick vs. short stick, 2 man drill sword vs. short stick

Defense Against a Short Stick

Basic Jump Kicks

Side Lick

Front Kick

Round Kick

Advanced Combination Kicks

JunHaBup: Advanced Falling, Tumbling and Rolling with jump turning

Forward Roll, Backward Roll, shoulder Roll

Falls (Naup-Po): with jump turning

Front Fall, Left Side Fall, Right Side Fall, and Back Fall



Cross Wrist Grab Front and Rear 1-5

Both Wrist Grab Front and Rear hands together escapes 1-5

Both Wrist Grab Front and Rear hands apart escapes 1-5

Both Wrist Grab Front and Rear hands together techniques 1-5

Both Wrist Grab Front and Rear hands apart techniques 1-5

Defense From Kneeling Position

Front Attacks 1-5

Side Attacks 1-5

Rear Attacks 1-5

Jump Spin Kicks

Side Kick

Round Kick

Back Kick

Outside Kick

Heel Kick

Hook Kick

HyolDoBup: Pressure Point Techniques

Basic Pressure Point Striking to the front of the Body

(Sun Sul)

PoBakSool: Belt (Di as a weapon) Training

Defense Against a Club

Disarming Techniques

Defense Against a Knife from thrust, diagonal slash down, diagonal slash up, slash from left and right

Visit www.haemukwan.com to subscribe to a free hapkido training e-newsletter. Here is an example of what not to do in a Hapkido class http://www.gogvo.com/evp/video/23257/Fake-Grand-Master-Martial-Artists

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Free Help for Martial Arts School Owners

December 7, 2009

The National Promoters League E-News is FREE for Martial Arts School Owners!

The NPL E-News is a powerful resource for your martial arts business. It provides you business success tips and information from the leading minds in the martial arts industry helping you build a successful school. Learn how school owners like Yong Hon Kim (22 Locations), Dong Kyun Kim (16 Locations), and Richard Hackworth (7 Locations) are creating martial arts schools that will be around for generations to come.

Read articles from world champion competitors and their coaches on how to develop team skills and warrior spirit in your students. This will fill your school with life long dedicated students!

Hear stories from martial arts school owners about how they overcame obsticles to change their schools and change their life! Get answers to some of the most difficult questions on how to turn a bankrupt school into “The” place to be for martial arts in your area!

Just visit www.nationalpromotersleague.com to start getting your weekly dose of martial arts business success. As a Special Thanks just for visiting the site we are going to give you two FREE GIFTS. First, you will get a free subscription to www.worldmartialartsmagazine.com,

the most popular online magazine in the martial arts world. Second, you will recieve our hot off the presses, highly controversial special report from the hosts of “The World Martial Arts Magazine Show” called “Why MMA is NOT the Future of the Martial Arts Industry”.

So head on over to www.nationalpromotersleague.com and fill out the form with your name and e-mail address to claim your free subscription and two bonus gifts as our way of saying Thank You.

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hapkido schools hapkido books hapkido classes

December 4, 2009

Attention Korean Martial Arts School Owners: 

Does Your School Need…

 More Income & Improved Retention?

50-100 New Teen & Adult Students?

A Link To Your Martial Arts Roots?


Then Join The Korea Hapkido Federation HaeMuKwan!!!

Now Is Your Chance! Adding a Hapkido program can increase adult enrollments, improve retention, and boost profits. Hapkido has proven itself as the premier self defense art and an essential part of an effective self-defense program for elite Police and Military units and now it is available to YOU! Your school can have a successful Hapkido program!

Why Offer Hapkido At Your School? Hapkido is a great martial art for attracting adult students between the ages of 16-55 years old. This market wants to learn Hapkido. Now you can fill that need, make more money, expand your knowledge and earn your Black Belt in Hapkido.

But I’ve Never Done Hapkido? Our systematic program is designed so that you can learn enough Hapkido to begin teaching it at your school in as little as 1 week. If the US Secret Service can learn enough Hapkido in a few days to protect our President then YOU can certainly learn enough in a week to teach a beginner class. Haemukwan Hapkido is the most scientifically advanced and easy to learn program in the world. 

How Do I Learn and Get Certified? You will be a part of our Hapkido distance learning program with video training and practice the techniques everyday with a partner. Also, we are available for private lessons and seminars to help speed up your learning process. In order to earn rank, you need to meet the minimum requirements and pass each belt test set forth by the Korea Hapkido Federation HaeMuKwan.


Who Are You? I am Richard Hackworth, Grand Master of Hapkido with the Korean Hapkido Federation, founder of HaeMuKwan Hapkido. I am the editor of “World Martial Arts Magazine” and host of the “World Martial Arts Magazine Show” on the Action Radio Network. I have been successfully using this program since 1991 to train students and instructors.

Why Should I Choose Your Program? Because I know what busy school owners like you need! Simply look at the class calendar, see what section you need to teach, look in the Instructor Handbook at the specific techniques you need to teach and practice the techniques on the video. It is that easy. Our curriculum is the most scientifically advanced self defense system in the world and that is why we are so successful. Plus we have the most complete marketing program ever used in the martial arts industry. Your school will dominate your area as a member of the Korea Hapkido Federation Haemukwan.

What Does Your Program Include?

Beginner/Intermediate Hapkido Curriculum DVD or Video

Korea Hapkido Federation Haemukwan Instructor Certificate (must qualify)

Belt Testing Requirements

Instructor Handbook

Class plans for 1 year and Attendance Cards (Master copies)

Korea Hapkido Federation Haemukwan School Affiliate Membership

Korea Hapkido Federation Haemukwan School Certificate

Korea Hapkido Federation Haemukwan Flag and Patch

Free Directory Listing for Your School In Our Official Website

Annual Private Guided Training Trip to Korea

For more information on our HaeMuKwan Hapkido Instructor Training Program:
Call Today! 352-536-1122
or visit us online at www.haemukwan.com

Best Regards,

Richard Hackworth

P.S. Korea Hapkido Federation Haemukwan members qualify to be invited on our private guided tour to Korea where you will get to learn from the top Grand Masters, Elite Police and Military Instructors and much more!

P.S. Join by January 1st 2010 to help celebrate our 10 year anniversary as an official member of the Korean Hapkido Federation and get a Free Subscription & Directory Listing on The World Martial Arts Magazine Website and a Free Membership & Directory Listing on The National Promoters League Website.

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Hapkido Stances by Dr. R.W. Stone

December 1, 2009


Dr. Ronald W. Stone, Hapkido Instructor American Dragon Martial Arts Academies Clermont, Florida

     Like any other technique in Hapkido, the importance of stance should be studied with regard to three factors:

1.  Importance of the technique to a proper defence

2.  Importance of the technique (stance) to a  proper offense

3.  Importance of the technique to the formation of the individual, the development of Ki energy, and the martial artist’s performance

The way we communicate with others can be broken down into the following categories:

Physiology (dilated eyes, breathing patterns, perspiration etc) = about 55%

Psychology (posture, body movements, fisting, gestures, etc) = about 35%

Words +10%

This illustrates that body language is often as important as verbal communication skills.  The way a person positions himself (takes a certain stance) at any given moment is an expression of mental attitude as well as physical ability.  This is one reason why the elderly, the infirm, or the weak minded are so often singled out by social predators for attack.  The very nature of the victim portrays and projects an image of susceptibility, of weakness and of fear. 

 Most attackers are by nature cowardly and prefer to strike by surprise.  They choose to win by stealth, intimidation or overwhelming force of numbers.  If such an attacker has to choose between an old man walking down the street bent over or limping, or a self confident man who walks erect, is well balanced and exudes an aura of strength, the criminal will almost certainly attack the weaker target. 

An attacker can read non-verbal cues.  He can tell just by looking at someone and by the way they “hold themselves” whether that person is weak, frightened, confident, or alert.  Hapkido stances should allow one to look like a victor not a victim.   Predators always prefer to attack the weaker members of the herd. It is wise to remember the old axiom; “When you are strong appear weak, and when you are weak appear strong!”

This same non verbal communication effect is often noticed in martial arts tournaments at the start of a match.  When two equally matched opponents face each other, victory often goes to the one who initiates the match from a power leg forward, chin tucked aggressive stance as practiced in Hapkido.  This position will off balance the opponent who fights from a defensive stance.  The effect is not only a physical one (positional advantage and speed) but a psychological one as well.

When studying the importance of proper stance for defense in Hapkido it should be remembered that its purpose is to create a physical barrier between yourself and your potential attacker without creating a negative image that might initiate a fight.  A proper stance conveys the message that while you do not wish violence, you are clearly willing to defend yourself if you have to.  Coupled with aggressive and confident verbal skills it is often all that is necessary to fend off an attacker. 

The objective of the defensive stance in Hapkido is to protect as much of your body as possible, to prevent being thrown off balance, and to allow for an effective counterattack should the need arise.  An example of this might be:

1.     Tucking the elbows in to protect the mid section

2. Raising one’s hands to cover the face and chin,
3.   Bending the knees slightly for enhanced balance and to fend off kicks
4.  Turning the shoulder to form a tight and compact defense
5.    Tucking the chin in for protection while at the same time lowering the head slightly and narrowing the eyes in order to create an aggressive attitude.

As difficult as it may be to properly relax the body into a well balanced stance during a stressful or dangerous situation it is vitally important.  This seems to be a strange recommendation for dealing with a threat response.  After all, many other martial arts teach their students to harden themselves at the first sign of trouble and to fight with as strong a body as possible.  Hapkido however is best applied with a relaxed mental attitude and with proper utilization of Ki energy, speed and flexibility.  As Grandmaster Hackworth once pointed out, no matter how strong one trains to become, and no matter how tall or hard one’s body is, there will always be someone born stronger, bigger or taller.  There will always be someone else who started training earlier, trained harder or longer.  You can’t fight genetics or the clock. 

In other words, when hard body meets hard body straight on, both suffer damage.  A proper Hapkido defensive stance should therefore allow one to both absorb the attack without suffering injury, and to rapidly counter.  A good stance allows the practitioner to rapidly shift into another stance should it become necessary without loss of time and without making oneself more vulnerable.  It is best to remember that Hapkido is at the same time both a hard and a soft martial art and is therefore not limited by mere physical strength.  If Hapkido teaches us anything it is that speed, flexibility and quick thinking will always provide the superior weapons.

There are numerous Hapkido stances from which one can either attack or defend.  All share similar characteristics.  A proper stance must allow for balance, flexibility, speed and strength of attack or counter.  The practitioner must understand the fundamentals of stance, since all other techniques flow from a proper base.  Blocks, throws, strikes and kicks all depend on the martial artist having a proper stance.  Correct body position allows practitioners to perform without fatigue, muscle cramping or loss of balance.

In a proper offense just as in defense it is important to first evade the opponent’s attack by avoiding, blocking, trapping or absorbing the blow or kick.   Once the Hapkido practitioner has elected to take the offense with an attack or a counter, the technique, whether it be kick, throw or hand strike, must deliver Ki energy, speed, accuracy, power and focus directly into the target area.  Most of the thrust of the attack will project from the legs and hips upward into the point of contact.  Simply being off balance will jeopardize the effectiveness of any of these techniques.  A proper stance in offense can provide a strong base from which to launch a powerful blow or perhaps create a springboard which will add speed and focus into a fast attack.

Learning the proper Hapkido stances will improve posture, temper our emotions and help control our thoughts.  The mind doesn’t like to stay focused on one thing for very long, particularly if that one thing is difficult, painful, or unexciting.  Stance training is an ideal way to calm and control the mind.  Just like sitting meditation or concentration exercises, stance training correctly positions and stills the body and allows for more astute observations and mental control.

In meditation one tends to sit comfortably and forget about the body. Hapkido stance training is unique in that the body, though still and unmoving, quickly begins sending messages to the brain regarding muscular exertion and pain.  With practice and patience this can eventually be overcome, thus bestowing greater confidence and self control.

Perhaps the greatest reason for stance training is to cultivate Ki or inner energy.  While holding stances in Hapkido, you don’t need to consciously think about or manipulate your Ki; the process is automatic. Some martial artists believe that you have to control and direct Ki with your mind to make it flow through the body’s many meridians, reservoirs or orbits. While such control can be practiced by high level students to “fine-tune” the Ki flow, for most people this attempt at controlling Ki is both unnecessary and potentially damaging.  More attention should be paid to correct posture, proper rooting, releasing the mind and body, and breathing naturally and correctly. If you follow these simple guidelines, an increase in energy and Ki will come naturally and in time will spread throughout your body of its own accord.       

From a purely western medical standpoint we know that the leg and thigh muscles comprise the majority of the body’s musculature and make up a greater part of the vascular supply.  An increase in utilization of these muscles will in fact burn off more fat and energy than upper body exercise training alone.  It will also improve overall circulatory function.  An example of this would be the current popularity of stair stepping machines which have been shown to have more benefits than simple flat treadmills. 

The same effects can be achieved with correct Hapkido martial arts stance training.  If one examines the horse stance for example it quickly becomes obvious that when correctly performed the back is straight, the pelvis is tilted forward, the legs move apart and the knees are bent.  This stance aligns the Ki centers of the body, improves the posture of the spine, and strengthens the leg muscles supporting the knees.

Each Hapkido stance has its own advantages and disadvantages.  Some stances are maintained by positioning the body into a low and wide base, such as the traditional low front stance.  Others are created in a base narrow flexed position, such as the Tiger stance.  Some provide strength and power from a side to side direction (such as the lower horse stance), while others offer better balance to counter a frontal attack.

Regardless of the benefits of each individual stance it must be noted no one position will offer a perfect solution for all threats or all directions.   It is for this reason that Hapkido training emphasizes the development of strength, balance and Ki energy in an individual position while at the same time teaching the student how to rapidly flow from one position to another.  Speed, inner strength, and flexibility must be the hallmarks of any stance training.  The benefits will become immediately obvious whether one speaks of defense, offense, mental or physical health.

Whenever proper stance is discussed in the martial arts a reference to the tree and its roots is inevitably mentioned, and perhaps with good reason.  Just as the roots must give solid support to the tree trunk, so must a good Hapkido stance allow for a strong base.  It is wise to remember the adage however that the tree that doesn’t bend with the wind eventually breaks.  The correct Hapkido stance must therefore not only provide strength and rooting, but also allow for flexibility.  Hapkido is both hard and soft, just as is the proper stance.

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Hapkido Ki Breathing by Andrea Stone

December 1, 2009

Hapkido Ki Breathing (DanJun Hohup)

By Action Radio Network Spokes Model, Andrea Stone, Hapkido Black Belt at the American Dragon Martial Arts Academies in Clermont, Florida, certified by the Korean Hapkido Federation.

Hapkido Ki Breathing is an essential part of the Hapkido system. In the martial art of Hapkido we breath in, inhale, to build or develop Ki energy and we breath out, exhale, to move Ki energy. This allow the Hapkido practitioner to apply the moving Ki energy to their techniques. The Haemukwan Hapkido system is well know for this application of Ki energy in all of the techniques.

Hapkido Ki Breathing Exercise #1

To the Front

Step 1:  Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart with your knees facing straight forward. Bend your knees slightly so you are almost in a horse-back-riding stance.  Tilt your pelvis forward so that your back is straightened and all your Ki centers are aligned, look straight ahead.

Step 2: For the first breath, inhale deeply, through your nose, bringing your hands up to your chest, with you fingers curled slightly to cup your hands.

Step 3: On the exhale, bend you knees further into the horse-riding stance so that you lower yourself straight down. At the same time, push your arms straight out in front of you, keeping your hands verticals, with palms parallel to each other.

Step 4: As you finish exhaling straighten back up and bring your hands back to chest level. 

Hapkido Ki Breathing Exercises #2


Step 1:  Stand with your feet shoulder-length apart with your knees facing straight forward. Bend your knees slightly so you are almost in a horse-back-riding stance.  Tilt your pelvis forward so that your back is straightened and all your Ki centers are aligned, look straight ahead.

Step 2: For the first breath, inhale deeply, through your nose, bringing your hands up to your chest, with you fingers curled slightly to cup your hands.

Step 3: On the exhale, bend you knees further into the horse-riding stance so that you lower yourself straight down. At the same time, push your arms up, with your palms facing away from you. Your index fingers and thumbs should create the shape of a triangle. Bring your arms straight up over your head, as you look through the triangle. When you’ve reached tup as far as you can, you should have about finished exhaling, at which point you should lower your arms back to the resting position.

Hapkido Ki Breathing Exercise #3


Step 1:  Stand with your feet shoulder-length apart with your knees facing straight forward. Bend your knees slightly so you are almost in a horse-back-riding stance.  Tilt your pelvis forward so that your back is straightened and all your Ki centers are aligned, look straight ahead.

Step 2: For the first breath, inhale deeply, through your nose, bringing your hands up to your chest, with you fingers curled slightly to cup your hands.

Step 3: On the exhale, bend you knees further into the horse-back-riding stance so that you lower yourself straight down. At the same time, turn your hands so palms face downward, with your index fingers and thumbs recreating the triangle shape from exercise 2. When you have pushed your arms all the way down, turn your palms outward, so that the backs of your hands are facing each other (thumbs down). Then rotate your hands back to the standard position and bring them straight up and straighten back into the standard resting position.  

Hapkido Ki Breathing Exercise #4


Step 1:  Stand with your feet shoulder-length apart with your knees facing straight forward. Bend your knees slightly so you are almost in a horse-back-riding stance.  Tilt your pelvis forward so that your back is straightened and all your Ki centers are aligned, look straight ahead.

Step 2: For the first breath, inhale deeply, through your nose, bringing your hands up to your chest, with you fingers curled slightly to cup your hands.

Step 3: On the exhale, bend you knees further into the horse-back-riding stance so that you lower yourself straight down. At the same time push your arms out to your sides, as if trying to hold open the doors of an elevator manually. Once fully extended, rotate your wrists so that your hands are now thumbs-down. Keeping your elbows slightly locked, bring your arms back to the front, and when they meet in front of you, turn your hands so that your palms are parallel, and bring your arms back to the standard resting position.

About the author: Andrea Stone is a Black Belt in Haemukwan Hapkido at the American Dragon Martial Arts Academies in Clermont, Florida. She is also the official Spokes Model for the Action Radio Network and an honors student at East Ridge High School in Clermont, Florida.

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Hapkido: The Korean Art of Self Defense

October 15, 2009

The Art Of Hapkido
provided by World Martial Arts Magazine at www.worldmartialartsmagazine.com

The martial art known as Hapkido is an art of complete self defense.  Those who study it are more than capable of defending themselves in any type of situation, being more than able to apply their confidence and discipline from the art to enhance their lives, protecting themselves and those that they love as well.

Hapkido teaches students to use minimal force with any stronger opponent.  Contrary to other martial arts, it doesn’t involve strength to execute the techniques.  To control the opponent and take him down, Hapkido focuses on pressure points and the impact they have on opponents.  It also involves a very powerful arsenal of thrusts, spin kicks, and sweeps.  If they are executed properly, the moves from this martial art can be very effective against opponents and attackers.

Along with kicks, punches, and pressure point attacks; Hapkido also uses wrist and joint manipulation locks, along with several throwing techniques.  All together, there are nearly 300 categories of special movements in Hapkido that involve nearly 3,500 techniques.

Hapkido is a very popular martial art, which is mainly due to the fact that just about anyone, regardless of age or weight can practice the techniques.  The martial art also involves systematic training and stamina exercise, which can improve your health.  You don’t need to be in the best shape either, as Hapkido can actually help your body as well as your health.

Studying Hapkido will also help with developing your muscles, along with your posture, controlling your weight, developing confidence, self control, even fulfilling your spirit. 

Although it is mainly based in self defense techniques, it also teaches you how to become a better person and get yourself back in health and in touch with your spirit.

Throughout the style, the linear techniques work together to form a solid base in which all of the circular techniques can be perfected.  Everything in Hapkido is tried and tested, in order to come up with a balanced blend of techniques and skills that are apt for any situation.  With Hapkido being a martial art of self defense, there is a lot of practice involved blocking attacks in many different situations.  This way, the stylist can be more prepared for any situation he finds himself in.

Today, Hapkido is practiced by men and women of all ages, even little children.  It is a very beneficial martial art, one that can be utilized from nearly any position or direction, such as lying, sitting, and standing.  It is an art of self defense, and can even be deadly if the stylist is proficient with the techniques.  What makes it even more deadly though – is the fact that a lot of people aren’t familiar with it. For more information on Hapkido visit the world’s most respected hapkido organization at www.haemukwan.com

About the Author: Kevin Huston Rhodes is a TV and Radio personality in Orlando, Florida who holds black belts in Hapkido, KyukTookKi, and Mixed Martial Arts. He is the co-host of the “Action Martial Arts Magazine Show” on the Action Radio Network at www.actionradio.net and performer on the “Turning Up The Heat!” TV Show on Brighthouse Networks. He can be reach via his website at www.legacybelts.com . Add him to your World Martial Arts Network friends at www.worldmartialartsnetwork.ning.com .

Kyung-Yea: The Bow of Acknowledgement

October 14, 2009

Kyung-Yea: The Bow of Acknowledgement

 The Standing Bow

 Bowing to each other is the most visible manifestation of martial arts etiquette. It is also the most misunderstood practices observed by “Western” students. The only exposure people in our culture have to the act of bowing, is with some type of worship. Many see bowing as an admission of subservience or inferiority. So the Western mind typically reacts to the idea of bowing with negative feelings.


In the East a bow is not a sign of subservience at all. It is used as a greeting, or it is used similar to the Western handshake or salute.


There are two types of bows that are practiced in Korean Martial Arts. The first is the standing bow. It is performed from an ‘attention’ posture by bending forward at the waist approximately 45 degrees and looking down as a sign of respect and trust. This bow is not held for any length of time. One should simply bow forward and then recover to ‘attention’ posture. Occasionally, situations arise where a Western handshake accompanies the standing bow. The handshake can be done either in conjunction with the bow or afterwards. Regardless of the timing of the handshake, proper etiquette is to always exchange a ‘two-handed’ handshake. This is performed by grasping the hand of the person you are embracing with both of your hands, or by placing the left hand (open and palm down) underneath and behind your right elbow.


The Kneeling Bow


The second type is the kneeling bow. It is the most formal type of bow, and is done at the beginning and end of each class, testing, promotion ceremony, demonstration, or seminar. All students should stop what they are doing and join in any time a formal bow is being performed. If you are injured, or not in uniform, a standing bow is appropriate.


The formal kneeling bow is performed beginning from an ‘attention’ posture. At the command “jung-swa” the left knee is placed where the left foot was while standing – this is followed by placing the right knee similarly where the right foot was – except that the right knee should be placed slightly wider so that a gap of one to two fist widths is created between the knees. The body may then be rested upon the heels. This is followed by moving the loose lengths of the belt to a position outside of the thighs. The hands are then placed, relaxed, on the inside of the thigh, close to the groin area.

At the command “kyung-yea,” the bow is completed by first placing the left hand, followed by the right hand on the floor in front of you, so the hands (touching) form a triangle.


When you bow, lower your forehead to the triangle created by the hands. This bow is typically held for 1-2 seconds. Recover to the original kneeling posture with the torso first rising to a position where the arms are nearly straight but still touching the floor – next, return the hands, left hand first, to their respective positions on the thigh near the belt knot. Standing from this position is accomplished by first rising up onto the knee’s and then placing the left foot where the left knee was touching the floor, followed by standing and drawing the right foot into position where the right knee was.

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