One of the things that makes the Korean Hapkido Federation HaeMuKwan so unique is that they teach all of the aspects of Hapkido training following the original curriculum from Korea. No other organization outside of Korea offers such thorough training from white belt beginner all the way to the highest level of Grand Master in their Hapkido schools.
In our Hapkido classes this organization teaches how to develop Ki and how Ki energy is stored, applied and manipulated. Once you know how to generate Ki energy you will then learn how to apply it to your techniques. Unlike other Hapkido styles Ki energy manipulation is taught from the very beginning.
Your first Hapkido lessons related to Ki energy would teach you what Ki center are and where they are located on the human body.
What Are Ki Centers?
Ki Centers are located in meridians, which are basically subtle energy channels that run through the body. There are many Ki Centers throughout the body but the ones I will mention here are known as the “classical Ki Center system. It has also been referred to as “the essential Ki Center system”.
The essential Ki Center System:
There are 7 main Ki Centers that are located vertically up the spine starting at the base and proceed all the way up to the crown area (actually believed to be about 4 finger widths above the head) of the skull. They are located in the center of the body and open on both the front and the back side of the body. Starting at the base of the spine they are known as, The Base or Root Ki Center and it is Red. The second Ki Center above this is known as the Sacral Ki Center and it is orange, the next above this is the Solar Plexus Ki Center and it is Yellow, the next above this is the Heart Ki Center and it is green, the next above this is the Throat Ki Center and it is light blue, the next above that is the Brow (sometimes known as the 3rd eye) Ki Center and it is Indigo, and the last is the Crown Ki Center and it is Bright white, although colors of purple and gold are also seen in this area.
The Basic Function/Malfunction signs of each Ki Center:
The Base/Root Ki Center Function: Represents the foundation system of the body. This center is our Will-to-live, i.e. to survive. IT is our “ground” root though which we gain power, stability, and growth. It’s often referred to as being linked to the adrenal glands. It represents activity in general such as movement, energy and survival as well as grounding. It also connects with the legs, feet, hips and base of spine…associated with the circulation system and blood. Red is also associated with pain, swelling and inflammation and all heat sensations. On a mental level, red exudes assertiveness and self-confidence.
*Enthusiasm and Drive require Red energy. When red energy is suppressed or blocked it can become violent when it finally escapes.
WHEN THIS KI CENTER IS BALANCED, we have physical vitality and strength, we feel connected to nature with a deep understanding of it’s rhythms and patterns.
Signs of malfunctioning: An underactive Ki center might display signs of a lack of energy, stamina, feelings of unreality, of not belonging, not being able to cope. Cold, congested conditions, difficulty with physical movement, coordination or circulation problems, inability to sustain energy levels, physical weakness, exhaustion, lacking in drive and enthusiasm, easily drained by company. An excess of Red energy might be displayed as hyperactivity, inflammation, physical tension, inability to relax, anger, fear, mental and emotional confusion, rapid mood swings, impatience, fidgeting, intolerance, violent outbursts.
CHARACTERISTICS ASSOCIATED WITH THIS KI CENTER:
*the color is Red
*the musical note is C
*its sacrament is Baptism
*the mantra is “lam” or “e” (as in the word fed)
*it is located at the base of the spine
*it’s purpose is Kinesthetic feelings, movement
*the spiritual lesson is that of material world lessons *associated with the mineral kingdom *governs the adrenal gland *element is earth *sense of smell *it is the place of birth & rebirth, place of ability to draw abundance from the universe *home/job/passion/trust/money/security/survival/vigor/food
*the main formation of the chakra was accomplished between 0 and 5 years of age
*this Ki center was ruled by the Moon in ancient history and by Saturn in modern day times
*a healthy functioning base Ki center spins clockwise
The Sacral (Orange) Ki Center: associated with the qualities of movement and flow of energy. It’s located below the navel and above the pubic bone. Also referred to as the “Spleen”,”Sacral”, “Abdominal”. It is connected to the sensuality of touch and the innocent desire for pleasure; nonjudgmental, spontaneous enjoyment. Associated with the organs within the lower abdomen, especially the large intestine and reproductive organs, and the kidneys. Signs of malfunctioning: A lack of orange energy: Physical rigidity, restricted feelings, Digestive disorders, lack of focus, lack of vitality, being stuck in the past holding on to memories, impotence, problems with uterus, bladder or kidneys, stiff lower back. Feelings of inadequacy, possessiveness, jealousy and envy, and self regret on all levels. Anti-social behaviors, lustfulness, selfishness and arrogance all stem form an imbalance in this Chakra center. Other emotions such as the need to control violence, thoughtlessness, hatred, despair, of the future, victimization, masochism, sentimentalism, consumerism, (the need for more stuff.)
*color is orange
*this Ki center represents the plant kingdom
*mantra is “Vamor O” (as in the word home)
*musical note is D
*element is water
*sense of taste
*associated with the spleen in men/uterus in women
*sacrament of Matrimony (union)
*in women, this Ki center spins right, spins left in men.
*it is located about 2-3 inches below the navel and in the center of the body.
The Solar Plexus Ki Center: Associated with the planet Venus in ancient times and with planet Mars in modern times. Motivates us to bring about change. Deals with our use of energy and the ability to transform it from a raw state into usable forms. The solar plexus creates change in ourselves as well as around us. It is an organizing type of control center that gives us the ability and will to mold our lives in a more powerful and effective way. It deals with many different systems of the body, digestion, stomach, small intestine, liver, pancreas, spleen (which also effects our immune system) and also works in proper functioning of the nervous system and the skin. It’s located between the navel and the base of the rib cage. Also related with optimism, self-confidence, spontaneity, flexibility, understanding, a sense of humor, joy, and laughter are natural balanced expressions of the solar plexus.
Signs of malfunctioning: Ulcers, diabetes, hypoglycemia, anorexia, nervosa, bulimia, stress related ailments, indigestion, insomnia, panic attacks, headaches, muscle tension, skin irritation, nervous disorders, allergic reactions, arthritis, tension, worry, confusion, auto immune disorders, chronic fatigue. An overactive Ki center might show signs of over analytical or fussy behavior, narrow concepts, prejudices, lack of tolerance.
*color is yellow
*it is the emotion of anger
*sense is sight
*musical note is: E
*mantra is “RAM” or “AUM”
*it is the element of fire
*associated with the animal kingdom
*it is located about 2 inches above the navel
*pendulum spins left for positive power
*sacrament of Confirmation
The Heart Ki Center: Located at the center of the chest this is also the midway point of the Ki center system with 3 Ki centers above and 3 Ki centers below. This Ki center is balance, equilibrium, community and love. Associated with the heart, lungs, diaphragm, arms and hands, respiration, growth, the ability to change and adapt, caring, sharing, relationships with others, gives structure to our existence, routine and discipline, all aspects of personal growth and the ability to discern and travel our own personal road. When this chakra is balanced, there is a sense of calm, clear-sightedness, friendliness and tolerance of others. It is possible to understand the needs of others without feeling our own needs have to be ignored or suppressed. We know where we want to go and we can hold our own ground well.
Signs of malfunctioning: Asthma, high blood pressure, lung disease, heart disease, colds, emotionless, power-seeking. Anything that intrudes into or restricts personal boundaries and equilibrium such as: Invasive illness, abnormal growths, lack of control at any level, sense of claustrophobia, being trapped, unfulfilled, restricted, dominated, a need to be in control or be controlled, becoming possessive or obsessive, constantly seeking reassurance, a lack of self worth and isolation..
*color is Green or pink
*sense of touch
*element is air
*musical note is F
*associated with the human kingdom
*Mantra is “yam or A” (as in ahhh)
*associated with the thymus, heart, blood, circulatory system, glands,and lungs
*chakra spins to the right in both men and women
*connected to the sun in ancient times, now it is connected to the planet of Venus
*Sacrament of Eucharist
*located at the breast bone in the middle of the chest
The Throat Ki Center: Communication, inner identity, and telepathy. Related to the thyroid and parathyroid glands, the upper chest, neck, throat, mouth, nose and ears. Note: The shoulders, arms and hands can be affected by both the heart and throat Ki center. The throat Ki center is primarily concerned with communication, and both throat and sacral Ki centers are associated with creativity.
Signs of malfunctioning: Throat problems, stiff neck, thyroid problems, ear problems, laryngitis, sore throats, tonsillitis (these all suggest difficulties within the lines of communication either at an every day level or sometimes simply the need to become involved in some artistic activity)… creativity blocks, lack of inspiration. Very often these symptoms are a sign something is being held back or not communicated, individuality is being stifled and something needs to be expressed.
*color is blue
*associated with the thyroid, bronchial and vocal apparatus, lungs, alimentary canal, gland, and parathyroid.
*element is ether
*sense is hearing
*sacrament is Priesthood
*associated with the planet Mars in ancient time and is connected to the Moon in modern times.
*spins to the right in both men and women
* it is located in the throat below the Adams apple.
Brow Ki Center: Clairvoyance, intellect, belief, understanding and analysis of reality. Inward looking rather than expressive like the throat Ki center.
Affects the eyes and the conscious workings of the brain , main function is to make sense of the raw information received from the “sense organs”. It also works with memory and planning. another function is to leave behind the constraints of time and space because it gives us greater insight. This Ki center more than the other Ki centers needs integrated balance and a firm grounded energy. Signs of malfunctioning: When the brow Ki center is stressed, the mind becomes clouded and thought patterns run in chaotic circles, making practical decision making extremely difficult. Intuitive sensitivity may become blocked. Visual defects, nightmares, and headaches are also signs of a malfunctioning brow Ki center.
*color is indigo, violet and sometimes yellow
*it is all the elements
*the main element is spiritual
*the musical note is A
*the mantra is “aum, om or mmm”
*it governs the pituitary gland, skeletal system, pineal gland, nervous system, and other glands.
*it is located one finger width above the bridge of the nose at the center of the forehead.
*sacrament of marriage
*associated wit the planet Jupiter in ancient times and the planet Mercury in modern times
*it spins to the right
Crown Ki Center: The All is One Center knowingness and Wisdom. A replica of all of the other Ki centers and the total energy signature of each individual is said to exist within the crown Ki center. Here, our unique pattern of consciousness is kept in constant touch with all sorts of information from the outer universe and the subtle dimensions of spiritual energy. This Ki center is connected to the whole of creation. As the base Ki center connects us firmly and safely to the earth, the crown Ki center opens us to the universal energy. In some ways, imbalances in either have similar symptoms. When balanced, the crown Ki center increases the ability to understand things in a wider context allowing one to become more intuitive. Signs of malfunctioning: Depression, alienation, inability to learn. When the crown Ki center loses its balance, a shadow is cast over the whole system. There is a feeling that something is not right, although it can be difficult to describe clearly what is wrong. Feelings of alienation and depression, a weight descending that makes you feel listless, exhausted and prone to boredom. The crown Ki center directly effects the higher brain. The cerebrum which consists of the 2 hemispheres of the brain is the seat of higher consciousness, a lack of balance between the left and right can cause confusion and coordination difficulties, both physically and mentally.
*sacrament of Extreme Unction (anointing of the sick)
*it is all elements…..it is cosmic
*kingdom = source
*mantra “aum”, “ee” (as in bee)
*it is associated to the pineal gland
*it is the seat of the Ketheric Body
*here we must learn to release-to surrender
*in ancient times it was associated with Saturn, in modern times it is the Sun
* located at the top of the head in the center of the skull *spins to the right
While the uninformed may mistakenly believe that Ki is just a theoretical or philosophical concept in reality Ki energy and the knowledge of location and application of Ki centers has real world practical applications such as diminishing an opponent’s strength, disrupting his techniques and conversely healing injuries and illnesses (accupuncture, accupressure, etc.)
For more information on Ki training visit a Korean Hapkido Federation HaeMuKwan school near you!